These tasks involve simple common-sense reasoning and are easy enough that a child should be able to solve them1. Many have been passed by animals (including shrimp!). However, these tasks are still challenging for AI, and will need to be solved to create more general forms of artificial intelligence.
Animal videos and cylinder experiment discussion: MacLean et al. The evolution of self-control PNAS (2014)
1 This site is designed to help test this hypothesis!